Adoption of national anthems prior to the 1930s was mostly by newly formed or newly independent states, such as the First Portuguese Republic (A Portuguesa, 1911), the Kingdom of Greece ("Hymn to Liberty", 1865), the First Philippine Republic (Marcha Nacional Filipina, 1898), Lithuania (Tautiška giesmė, 1919), Weimar Germany (Deutschlandlied, 1922), Republic of Ireland (Amhrán na bhFiann, 1926) and Greater Lebanon ("Lebanese National Anthem", 1927). In diplomatic situations the rules may be very formal. The song was originally called "Thanh Niên Hành Khúc" (, Translates from German as "The Song of the Germans", Translates from German as "God save Emperor Francis", Bulgarian: "Химн на Негово Величество Царя"; transliterated as "Himn na Negovo Velichestvo Tsarya", Kazakh: "Қазақстан Республикасының Мемлекеттік Әнұраны", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikasının Himni, Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistliku Vabariigi hümn, Sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublikas sakhelmts'ipo himni, August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Qazaq Sovettik Socïalïstik Respwblïkasınıñ memlekettik änuranı, Qazaqstan Respwblïkasınıñ memlekettik änuranı, Latvijas Padomju Sociālistiskās Republikas himna, Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinės Respublikos himnas, Phraya Srisunthonwohan (Noi Āchāryānkura), Gimni Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston, Türkmenistan Sowet Socialistik Respublikasy Döwlet Gimni, O'zbekiston Sovet Sotsialist Respublikasining davlat madhiyasi, List of anthems of non-sovereign countries, regions and territories, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, "Russian Orthodox Church Approves as Putin Decides to Sing to a Soviet Tune", "Afghanistan National Anthem (1943-1973)", "National anthems - Islamic State of Afghanistan (1992-2006) - Lyrics + Translation in Subtitles", "History of Chinese national anthems in a hundred years", "The social and cultural conception of Mustafa Sadiq Alrafii", "Romanian national anthems, historical, stylistic and aesthetic considerations", "South Africa Will Play Two Anthems Hereafter", "The 10... most preposterous opening ceremonies", National anthems of the world, performed by the United States Navy Band, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_historical_national_anthems&oldid=992262566, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Amharic-language text, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Anthem of the People" (literally "People's Hymn"), "Anthem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic", "State Hymn of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic", "China Heroically Stands in the Universe", "National Anthem of the Republic of China", "Where is my home?" g8.fr . In the early modern period, some European monarchies adopted royal anthems. La Marcha Real, adopted as the royal anthem of the Spanish monarchy in 1770, was adopted as the national anthem of Spain in 1939. The Australian cricket team have performed their first rendition of the new national anthem at the Sydney Cricket Ground before the Third Test against … It became known as the National Anthem from the beginning of the nineteenth century. Exceptions include Germany, whose anthem "Das Lied der Deutschen" uses a melody written by Joseph Haydn, and Austria, whose national anthem "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" is sometimes credited to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Other countries had their anthems composed by locally important people. During the 19th century, the poem gained … [trans 6] Another well-known example is the "Hymn of the Soviet Union",[trans 7] used until its dissolution in 1991, which was given new words and adopted by the Russian Federation in 2000 to replace the unpopular instrumental anthem it had introduced in 1993. "God Save the King/Queen", first performed in 1619, remains the royal anthem of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth realms. trending in national 303 M. de Bruin, "Het Wilhelmus tijdens de Republiek", in: L.P. Grijp (ed. The use of a national anthem outside of its country, however, is dependent on the international recognition of that country. The hymn was created somewhere between the 10th and 13th centuries. Advance Australia Fair was composed by Peter Dodds McCormick and first performed in 1878. 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