[16] They would measure 36.04 and 39.24 m (118 ft 3 in and 128 ft 9 in), respectively. The six-month head-start of the A320neo allowed Airbus to rack up 1,000 orders before Boeing announced the MAX. [99] On 27 October 2020, the first A321P2F was delivered to launch operator Qantas Airways, with windows and exit doors removed, and a large hydraulically actuated main cargo door installed. [citation needed], Despite the anticipated efficiency gains and development work, Airbus announced that the new winglets will not be offered to customers, claiming that the weight of the modifications required would negate any aerodynamic benefits. The launch customer AerCap signed a firm contract on 16 July 2008 to convert 30 of AerCap's passenger A320/A321s into A320/A321P2F (passenger to freighter). [46], In 2006, Airbus started the A320 Enhanced (A320E) programme as a series of improvements targeting a 4–5% efficiency gain with large winglets (2%), aerodynamic refinements (1%), weight savings and a new aircraft cabin. Blocked, occupied and available seats are visible for every flight in our seat maps when booking, in My Trips or on the Fly Delta app. The A320 is the world's first airliner with digital fly-by-wire (FBW) flight control system: input commands through the side-stick are interpreted by flight control computers and transmitted to flight control surfaces within the flight envelope protection; in the 1980s the computer-controlled dynamic system of the Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter cross-fertilised the Airbus team which tested FBW on an A300. [15] This project was considered the forerunner of Airbus A320, encompassing the 130- to 188-seat market, powered by two CFM56s. [27] The fuselage was lengthened by four plugs (two ahead and two behind the wings), giving the A321 an overall length of 6.94 metres (22 ft 9 in) longer than the A320. The first design type to be tested was developed by Airbus and was based on work done by the AWIATOR programme. The only analogue instruments were the radio-magnetic indicator and brake pressure indicator. [91] Range with eight passengers' payload and auxiliary fuel tanks (ACTs) is up to 11,000 kilometres (6,000 nmi). The Airbus A318 is the smallest member of the Airbus A320 family. The Airbus Corporate Jets are business jet versions. Emirates has detailed its highest-density configuration yet for its Airbus A380 superjumbo jets. [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. Airbus then focused its efforts on the single-aisle market, which was dominated by the 737 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9. [27] The maiden flight of the first of two prototypes came on 11 March 1993. [27] A total of 1,562 of the A321ceo model have been delivered, with 231 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017.[3]. Power is provided by the CFM56-5A or V2500-A5, derated to 98 kN (22,000 lbf), with option for 105 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust. As the A321-100 range was reduced compared to the A320, the heavier and longer range A321-200 development was launched in 1995. [34] The engines were to be supplied from two Rolls-Royce BR715s, CFM56-9s, or the Pratt & Whitney PW6000s;[11][34] with the MTOW of 53.3 t (118,000 lb) for the smaller version and 58 t (128,000 lb) for the AE317, the thrust requirement were 77.9–84.6 kN (17,500–19,000 lbf) and 84.6–91.2 kN (19,000–20,500 lbf), respectively. [8] The A321-100 maximum takeoff weight is increased by 9,600 kg (21,200 lb) to 83,000 kg (183,000 lb). [11] Anticipating further orders by Swissair and Alitalia, Airbus decided to launch the programme on 10 June 1993. The A320 would carry 150 passengers over 5,280 or 3,440 km (2,850 or 1,860 nmi) using fuel from wing fuel tanks only. In 2014 Aviation Authorities reassessed and increased the A320 Family’s maximum seating limits based on the aircraft’s larger-than-required forward and aft doors. [70] In 1988, the flight management computer contained six Intel 80286 CPUs, running in three logical pairs, with 2.5 megabytes of memory. [66] Digital head-up displays are available. The American Airlines Airbus A320 (320) seats 150 passengers and is primarily used on … The Economy Plus cabin is outfitted with 42 seats and Economy Class features 96 seats. [60] The flight crew controls the cabin through touchscreen displays.[61]. [b] In October 2019, A320 family surpassed the Boeing 737 to become the highest-selling airliner. American Airlines is currently the largest operator with 428 airplanes in service. Currently, the largest A320-family member, the A321, has a maximum seating capacity of 244. [85] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. After entering the market on 18 April 1988 with Air France, Airbus then expanded the A320 family rapidly, launching the 185-seat A321 in 1989 and first delivered it in 1994; launching the 124-seat A319 in 1993 and delivering it in 1996; and launching the 107-seat A318 in 1999 with first deliveries in 2003.[73]. The A319 was developed at the request of Steven F. Udvar-Házy, the former president and CEO of ILFC. [10] The programme was later transferred to Airbus, leading up to the creation of the Single-Aisle (SA) studies in 1980, led by former leader of JET programme, Derek Brown. Military version like A319 MPA also exists. [11][26] The aircraft would be a minimum-changed derivative, apart from a number of minor modifications to the wing, and the fuselage stretch itself. [113], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. [17] At this time, Airbus had 96 orders. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [53] They save US$220,000 and 700 t of CO2 per aircraft per year. The A321 has outsold the 737-900 three to one, as the A321neo is again dominating the 737-9 MAX, to be joined by the 737-10 MAX.[81]. [3] Middle East Airlines received the milestone airplane, an A320ceo with the manufacturer serial number (MSN) 5,000, on 20 January 2012[101] and eight years later the MSN 10,000, an A321neo, at the celebration of its 75th anniversary on 9 October 2020. The primary changes of the -200 over the -100 are wingtip fences and increased fuel capacity for increased range. Because the four variants share the same flight deck, all have the same pilot type rating. [10] It would have a cruise speed of Mach 0.84 (faster than the Boeing 737). [62] Featured user comments. In October 2020, the 500th A320 built in Tianjin, an A320neo, was delivered to China Southern, twelve years after the final assembly line start in 2008. Relative to other Airbus A320 family variants, the A318 has sold in only small numbers with total orders for only 80 aircraft placed as of 31 October 2015[update]. [8] The aircraft is the smallest product of Airbus's product range, and was developed coincidentally at the same time as the largest commercial aircraft in history, the Airbus A380. With a similar fuel capacity as the A320-200 and fewer passengers, the range with 124 passengers in a two-class configuration extends to 6,650 km (3,590 nmi), or 6,850 km (3,700 nmi) with the "Sharklets". [110] In February 1990 another A320, Indian Airlines Flight 605, crash landed short of the airport runway in Bangalore, the ensuing fire contributed to the casualty count of 92 of 146 on board. The A318 carries up to 132 passengers and has a maximum range of 5,700 km (3,100 nmi). [11] Airbus considered a fuselage diameter of "the Boeing 707 and 727, or do something better" and settled on a wider cross-section with a 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in) internal width, compared to Boeing's 3.45 m (11 ft 4 in). Air France and British Airways have been the only operators to operate all four variants of the A320ceo family. Indian Airlines used its first 31 A320-200s with double-bogie main landing gear for airfields with poor runway condition which a single-bogie main gear could not manage. Airbus sees a market for 1,000 narrowbody conversions over the 2020-2040 period. [24], The first derivative of the A320 was the Airbus A321, also known as the Stretched A320, A320-500 and A325. [67], The A320 retained the dark cockpit (where an indicator is off when its system is running; useful for drawing attention to dysfunctions when an indicator is lit) from the A310, the first widebody designed to be operated without a flight engineer and influenced by Bernard Ziegler, first Airbus CEO Henri Ziegler's son.[68]. A total of 1,460 of the A319ceo model have been delivered with 24 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017. The five largest operators were American Airlines operating 428, China Eastern Airlines 339, EasyJet 337, China Southern Airlines 305 and IndiGo 270 airplanes. This now allows up to 189 seats on the A320, and up to 160 seats on the A319. American Airlines is the world's largest airline operator of the A320 family of aircraft with 392 aircraft in service as of 30 September 2017.[3]. The 44.5 m (146 ft) A321 offers 185 to 230 seats. The 129 order book for the A318 shrunk to 80 largely because of switches to other A320 family members. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. Photo: Airbus. [8] Its fuel capacity is increased to 30,030 L (7,930 US gal) and its maximum takeoff weight to 93,000 kg (205,000 lb). [84], The baseline A320 has given rise to a family of aircraft which share a common design but with passenger capacity ranges from 100, on the A318,[35] to 220, on the A321. Costing $2 billion (€1.85 billion) to develop, aircraft production was to take place in China. The A320 airframe includes composite materials and aluminium alloys to save weight and reduce the total number of parts to decrease the maintenance costs. [18]:50 The first A320 was delivered to Air France on 28 March 1988. A programme to convert A320 and A321 aircraft into freighters was set up by Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH. To that end, it adopted composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-crew flight deck. The AE31X project was terminated by September 1998, after which Airbus officially announced an aircraft of its own, the A318,[11] at that year's Farnborough Airshow. The 107-seater was launched on 26 April 1999 with the options and orders count at 109 aircraft. The maiden flight of the Airbus A321 came on 11 March 1993, when the prototype, registration F-WWIA, flew with IAE V2500 engines; the second prototype, equipped with CFM56-5B turbofans, flew in May. Airbus North America President Barry Eccleston stated that the earliest the aircraft could have been available was 2017. [98] The Airbus factory in Tianjin, China assembles A319s, A320s, and A321s; A320s and A321s are also assembled at the Airbus Americas factory in Mobile, Alabama. The family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire and side-stick flight controls in airliners. [41] By January 2019, Mobile was outputting 4.5 A320s per month, raising to five by the end of the year. Seating from 100 to 240 passengers and flying throughout the world, with the widest single-aisle cabin, an A320 takes off or lands every 1.6 seconds. In the end, British work-share was increased from that of the two previous Airbuses. In early 1998, Airbus revealed its considerations of designing a 100-seat aircraft based on the A320. Compared to other airliners of the same class, the A320 features a wider single-aisle cabin of 3.95 metres (156 in) outside diameter,[28] compared to 3.8 m (148 in) of the Boeing 737 or 757, and larger overhead bins. Re-engined with CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines and with large sharklets, it should be 15% more fuel efficient. The name "Airbus" at the time referred to a BEA requirement, rather than to the later international programme. "[26], It has seen 50 incidents where several flight displays were lost. Spirit's A320 aircraft feature seats with 28 inches of seat pitch - the least amount of space of all US domestic carriers. [11] To maintain performance, double-slotted flaps were included, in addition to increasing the wing area by 4 m2 (43 sq ft), to 128 m2 (1,380 sq ft). The A319CJ (rebranded ACJ319) is the corporate jet version of the A319. The bulk-cargo door was replaced by an aft container door, which can take in reduced height LD3-45 containers. [15], The programme was launched on 2 March 1984. [15], France was willing to commit to a launch aid, or subsidies, while the Germans were more cautious. During the year, Airbus worked with Delta Air Lines on a 150-seat aircraft envisioned and required by the airline. In August 2019, Qantas Airways was announced as the launch operator for the A321P2F converted freighter, for Australia Post, with up to three aircraft to be introduced in October 2020. I agree, In-Flight Experience | Applicability: Airbus fleet. The A319 is 3.73 m (12 ft 3 in) shorter than the A320. The first V2500 variant, the V2500-A1, has a thrust output of 25,000 pounds-force (110 kN),[21] hence the name. Airbus' lawsuit seeks to reject responsibility to pay royalties to Aviation Partners for using its designs, despite work performed together with both parties to develop advanced winglets for the A320neo. As of October 2020, a total of 9,572 aircraft had been delivered to more than 330 operators, with 9,053 aircraft in service. [11][25] Its launch came on 24 November 1988 after commitments for 183 aircraft from 10 customers were secured. This is achieved through higher thrust engines (V2533-A5 or CFM56-5B3), minor structural strengthening, and an increase in fuel capacity with the installation of one or two optional 2,990 L (790 US gal) tanks in the rear underfloor hold. [11] The group looked at three different variants, covering the 125- to 180-seat market, called SA1, SA2 and SA3. [11] In January 1997, an A319 broke a record during a delivery flight by flying 3,588 nautical miles (6,645 km) the great circle route to Winnipeg, Manitoba from Hamburg, in 9 hours 5 minutes. However, on 3 June 2011, Airbus announced all partners would end the passenger to freighter programme, citing high demand for used airframes for passenger service. With more efficient turbofans and improvements including sharklets, it offers up to 15% better fuel economy. [3], The A318 was born out of mid-1990 studies between Aviation Industries of China (AVIC), Singapore Technologies Aerospace, Alenia and Airbus on a 95- to 125-seat aircraft project. [8] A 10th variation, conceived in 1973, later the first to be constructed, was designated the A300B10. [32] Four propulsion options available on the A319 are the 23,040–24,800 lbf (102.5–110.3 kN) IAE V2500, or the 22,000–27,000 lbf (98–120 kN) CFM56. It was rolled out on 24 August 1995, with the maiden flight the following day. The version of Spirit's A320 aircraft presented here flies in a one class configuration with 8 "Big Front" seats and 174 "Deluxe Leather" Economy Class seats. The design is a "shrink" with its origins in the 130- to 140-seat SA1, part of the Single-Aisle studies. [8] After three years of design, the maiden flight took place at Hamburg on 15 January 2002. The Toulouse Blagnac final assembly line builds A320s, whereas the Hamburg Finkenwerder final assembly line builds A318s, A319s, and A321s. [16] It was the only available engine at launch until the IAE V2500, offered by International Aero Engines, a group composed of Rolls-Royce plc, Pratt & Whitney, Japanese Aero Engine Corporation, Fiat and MTU. [86], In 1988, the value of a new A320 was $30 million, reaching $40 million by the end of the 1990s, a 30% increase lower than the inflation, it dipped to $37 million after 2001, then peaked to $47 million in 2008, and stabilised at $40–42 million until the transition to the A320neo.[87]. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A321-200 (321) ... 2021, middle seats (typically seats “B” and “E”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. Aircraft specifications. [109], On 26 June 1988, Air France Flight 296 crashed into trees at the end of runway at Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport, three out of 130 passengers were killed. An A319 variant known as A319LR is also developed. [36] Tests on the lead engine, the Pratt & Whitney PW6000, revealed worse-than-expected fuel consumption. All following Airbuses have similar human/machine interface and systems control philosophy to facilitate cross-type qualification with minimal training. The A320 series has two variants, the A320-100 and A320-200. Previously, Hawker Siddeley had produced a design called the HS.134 "Airbus" in 1965, an evolution of the HS.121 (formerly DH.121) Trident,[12] which shared much of the general arrangement of the later JET3 study design. From late 2015, Emirates started operating planes seating 615 passengers in two classes for the Copenhagen route, the most ever seen, replacing the smaller Boeing 777. [9] It was a smaller aircraft which would be developed into the long-range Airbus A310. All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified for 180 minutes since 2004 (EASA) and 2006 (FAA). This next-generation aircraft features a First Class cabin outfitted with 12 recliner seats. [7] Prior to the service introduction of the first Airbus airliners, engineers within Airbus had identified nine possible variations of the A300 known as A300B1 to B9. Note: as we gradually reconfigure our planes over the next few years, this seating configuration may vary; this is how the plane looks before retrofitting. [63] It includes 63 A318, 1,403 A319 (1,401 ceo + 2 neo), 5,508 A320 (4,361 ceo + 1,147 neo) and 2,186 A321 (1,717 ceo + 469 neo) aircraft. [11] The A321 fuselage is stretched by 6.93 metres (22 ft 9 in) with a 4.27 m (14 ft 0 in) front plug immediately forward of wing and a 2.67 m (8 ft 9 in) rear plug. [11] The former would have had an overall length of 31.3 m (102 ft 8 in), while the AE317 was longer by 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in), at 34.5 m (113 ft 2 in). Get the best seat possible with our Air Arabia A320 seating chart and traveler seat reviews. These include the main displays and the backup artificial horizon, which was previously an analog display. Seat Recline: The distance between a seat back in its full upright and full recline position. Space-Flex is a new rear galley and lavatory configuration that makes more efficient use of the rear cabin volume and offers the first PRM (Person with Reduced Mobility) capable lavatory on a Single-Aisle aircraft. Airbus A321 (32B) Not sure what plane you're on? The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321 (first delivered in January 1994), the shorter A319 (April 1996), and the even shorter A318 (July 2003). Flying a GoAir Airbus A320 soon? [11] VFW-Fokker, Dornier and Hawker Siddeley worked on a number of 150-seat designs.[10]. The two-class setup used by the airline provides 16 Business Class and 126 Economy Class seats. Airbus has delivered 8,605 A320 family aircraft since their certification/first delivery in early 1988, with another 6,056 on firm order (as of 31 December 2018). The A320 family backlog was slightly below the 6,000 mark and total orders reached 15,578,[3] whereas cancellations incurred during the Boeing 737 MAX groundings brought total orders for the 737 down to 14,668 of which 10,586 aircraft had been delivered. It is the largest commercial aircraft certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency for steep approach operations, allowing flights at airports such as London City Airport. [89] The A319's launch customer, in fact, was ILFC, which had placed an order for six A319s by 1993. Earlier A320s are now called A320ceo (current engine option). The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. In order to give you a better service Airbus uses cookies. [11] The single-aisle programme created divisions within Airbus about whether to design a shorter-range twinjet rather than a longer-range quadjet wanted by the West Germans, particularly Lufthansa. [3][78], For the entire A320 family, 159 major aviation accidents and incidents have occurred,[107] including 47 hull loss accidents (latest one being Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 on 22 May 2020),[108] and a total of 1393 fatalities. V2500 turbofans, except the CFM56/PW6000 powered A318 86 ] and the is! 1988 after commitments for 183 aircraft from 10 customers were secured 146 ft ) A318! 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