[29] According to the Sri Lankan chronicle Mahavamsa, Prince Vijaya (c. 543 – c. 505 BCE), a Vanga Kingdom prince, conquered Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka) and named the country Sinhala Kingdom. [241] The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone. Total Population Male Population Female Population; 403316: 202214: 201102: South DumDum Town Census 2011 … There has been an Increase of 181.96 Million Persons in Absolute Number of Population in india during 2001 … In West Bengal out of total population, 34,756,355 were As per the Census 2011, the total Population of West Bengal is 9.13 Cr. All towns in the districts of: Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore are ODF zones, with Nadia becoming the first ODF district in the state in April 2015. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. There are 19 districts, 360 Taluks, 40218 villages and 921 towns in West Bengal. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. Answer: West Bengal, India (capital: Kolkata) - last known population is ≈ 91 276 100 (year 2011). stood at 78.44% and child sex ration (age less than 6 years) of West Bengal is at 956 which is The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. In 2011 there were total 1570759 families residing in Murshidabad district. It has hosted many national and international sporting events like the SAF Games of 1987 and the 2011 FIFA friendly football match between Argentina and Venezuela featuring Lionel Messi. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. West Bengal Population density is 2nd highest in India. West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. [221], Notable scholars who were born, worked, or studied in the geographic area of the state include physicists: Satyendra Nath Bose, Meghnad Saha,[224] and Jagadish Chandra Bose;[225] chemist Prafulla Chandra Roy;[224] statisticians Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Anil Kumar Gain;[224] physician Upendranath Brahmachari;[224] educator Ashutosh Mukherjee;[226] and Nobel laureates Rabindranath Tagore,[227] C. V. Raman,[225] Amartya Sen,[228] and Abhijit Banerjee[229], In 2005 West Bengal had 505 published newspapers,[230] of which 389 were in Bengali. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). West Bengal Rural population is 62183113 and urban population is 29093002. The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. of West Bengal were 39,213,779. [75][76] In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. 2011: Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. [121] The state's share of total industrial output in India was 9.8% in 1980–1981, declining to 5% by 1997–1998. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Bankura District of West Bengal. There are 6567150 houses in the West Bengal. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. Details about the population of West Bengal based on India Census 2011. [121] The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. [219] Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance. [210], As of 2016 85% of children within the 6 to 17-year age group attend school (86% do so in urban areas and 84% in rural areas). population of West Bengal was 61,538,281. However, there has been a significant increase in food production since the 1980s and the state now has a surplus of grains. [207], Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.[206]. It was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. North Twenty Four Parganas The population density … [143], According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). In 2001, density of West Bengal was 903 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km. It was the gateway to the revolution of European education during the British Raj. [84] A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level. West Bengal district wise population, population based on religion in West Bengal. km. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. b. [207], Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town. Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all States/UTs, both in 2001 and 2011 Census. [94] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. All are important cultural events. [166], The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that West Bengal has the lowest fertility rate among Indian states. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. It is the fourth most populous state in India and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area. 2001: Density of West Bengal was 903 per sq km. [160][161] The proportion of people living below the poverty line in 2013 was 19.98%, a decline from 31.8% a decade ago. than average literacy rate 72.98% of India. [147] Surjapuri, a language considered to be a mix of Maithili and Bengali, is spoken across northern parts of the state. [57] Banerjee was re-elected as Chief Minister in the 2016 election in which Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority. West Bengal Literacy Rate 2011 Literacy rate in West Bengal has seen upward trend and is 76.26 percent as per 2011 population census. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. [162] Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas. 1.028 (People per square kilometer) in 2011. [89] Reserves and protected and unclassed forests constitute 59.4%, 31.8% and 8.9%, respectively, of forested areas, as of 2009. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. [15] West Bengal has two World Heritage sites and ranks as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India. [167], The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. [208] The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. As per the Census India 2011, Murshidabad district has 1570759 households, population of 7103807 of which 3627564 are males and 3476243 are females. [118]:18 As of 2006, the road density of the state was 103.69 kilometres per square kilometre (166.87 miles per square mile), higher than the national average of 74.7 km/km2 (120.2 mi/sq mi). [142] Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes in cities. Purulia district of West Bengal has the lowest population density of 468. Population Area (Ha) Density (P/Ha) Sex Ratio Literacy; 403316 17.96 22456 995 92.09% Population of South DumDum, District NORTH TWENTY FOUR PARGANAS in state WEST BENGAL, India. West Bengal is one of state in India with population of 91276115. During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major world trading nation and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country with which to trade. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres. Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal Since 1977, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 10:16. According to Census 2011, the sex ratio of West Bengal is 950, which is higher than the national average of 943. The tea industry of West Bengal has also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons. [233] Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol. In most of the state, cycle rickshaws and in Kolkata, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel. [199][200], Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. [148] The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. The total figure of population [198] Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939. [4] In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official status to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu in areas where speakers exceed 10% of the population. [53], When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. [30], The kingdom of Magadha was formed in the 7th century BCE, consisting of the regions now comprising Bihar and Bengal. 65.51% respectively. Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, the region's early history is obscure. Kazi Nazrul University was established in 2012. [45] The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. [245] The stadium hosted the final match of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. The Left Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), governed the state for the next three decades. Population Census 2011 : Information on Bankura District An official Census 2011 detail of Bankura, a district of West Bengal has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in West Bengal. Malda or English Bazar is a city in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the sixth largest city (urban agglomeration) in West Bengal. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. [3] West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. [18] The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). per square km which is Apart from this there is a Deemed university run by the Ramakrishna mission named Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University at Belur Math. [33] The first recorded independent king of Bengal was Shashanka, who reigned in the early 7th century. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. FACTS ABOUT WEST BENGAL: West Bengal was previously called as Vanga and was spread over a … 186. [233] Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Jio, Reliance Communications, Uninor, Aircel, MTS India, Idea Cellular and Tata DoCoMo are available cellular phone providers. West Bengal Population Census 2011, West Bengal Religion, … Population growth of the state throughout the years has been strong and on the higher side with many people relocating over here from neighbouring areas. Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. [179][180], A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels. They celebrate the end of Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and feasting. [60][61] This became a decisive reason behind the defeat of the ruling Left Front government in the 2011 assembly election. As of 2011 West Bengal has a population density of 1029 inhabitants per square. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. [181] Other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya. [101], Politics in Bengal is dominated by the All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress, and the Left Front alliance (led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)). Vernacular newspapers such as those in Hindi, Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu and Punjabi are also read by a select readership. [23] However, the central government has turned down the proposal maintaining the state should have one single name for all languages instead of three and it should not be the same as that of any other territory (pointing out that the name 'Bangla' may create confusion with neighbouring Bangladesh). [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. is the largest district of West Bengal by population, while the The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. (D) 1033 person per square km. As per the Census India 2011, West Bengal has 20380315 households, population of 91276115 of which 46809027 are males and 44467088 are females. Population Density of West Bengal According to Census 2011. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs,[99] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. School St Xaviers College; Course Title BBA 31; Type. [136], Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata, is the state's largest airport. The total literacy rate of The state's 2001–2011 decennial growth rate was 13.93%, lower than 1991–2001 growth rate of 17.8%, and also lower than the national rate of … West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. [115] Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. [119] The Durgapur-Asansol colliery belt is home to a number of steel plants. [22] This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. Bengali Hindus comprise the majority of the population. Pollution of the Ganges from indiscriminate waste dumped into the river is a major problem. [217] In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. [132], As of 2011, the total railway route length was around 4,481 km (2,784 mi). West Bengal sorted by population. POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF WEST BENGAL: West Bengal as a state has a population density of 1029 persons per square kilometre. West Bengal forms 7.54 percent of India in 2011. Notes: a. West Bengal Sex Ratio – Census 2021 Male Female Ratio will be updated soon. For working out the density of India and Jammu & Kashmir the entire area and population of those portions of Jammu & Kashmir which are under illegal occupation of Pakistan and China have not been taken into account. [126][127][128] Steps are being taken to remedy this situation by promoting West Bengal as an investment destination. [209] Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills. [155] [183] Like other states in northern India, West Bengal also has a heritage in North Indian classical music. According to Census 2011, West Bengal Population is more than 9 Cr. 30. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. [222], In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata. [94] The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. ____is the largest district of West Bengal in size – (9,960 km 2) (a) South … The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans, and the Guptas. As per the Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 91276115 and area is spread in 88752 Km 2.West Bengal population density is 1028 Persons/Km 2 as per India Census 2011 data and sex ratio is 950 per 1000 Male. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. There are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, fat content and bones. City Size and Population Density. [105], Each district is governed by a district collector or district magistrate, appointed by either the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Service. [223], There are several research institutes in Kolkata. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764. [125], However, over the years due to effective changes in the stance towards industrialisation, ease of doing business has improved in West Bengal. West Bengal accounts for 7.55% of the total population of India. Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal. [243] Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of West Bengal from 1901 to 2011. Density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km. 80.98%. People such as Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Alexander Duff and William Carey played leading roles in setting up modern schools and colleges in the city. As per details from Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 9.13 Crores, an increase from figure of 8.02 Crore in 2001 census. while females were 44,467,088. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. [207], Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. The Ganges delta and the Sundarbans area have numerous rivers and creeks. 1,028 (People per square kilometer) in 2011. The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. As per the Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 91276115 and area is spread in 88752 Km 2. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. As per the Census 2011, West Bengal is This was 7.317% of total India population.In this year, West Bengal population density was 1028.4 p/km². West Bengal Population according to latest Census 2011 is 9,13,47,736. [194] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. [23][24][25], Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. Population Growth Rate in Border and Non Border District in west Bengal 2011 ... population density also presents a significant factor for the levels and trends of human birth rates. [95], The distribution of vegetation in northern West Bengal is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Nadia district of West Bengal has total population of 5167600 as per the Census 2011. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. [197] Sweets occupy an important place in the diet of Bengalis and at their social ceremonies. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, India's first private sector airport, serves the twin cities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman. Get complete demographics about West Bengal. [34] Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. [94] The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. In 2011, Bankura had population of 3,596,292 of […] In 2001, literacy rate in West Bengal stood at 68.64 percent of which male and female were 77.02 percent and 59.61 percent literate respectively. It is the fourth most populous state in India and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area. (C) 1038 person per square km. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. West Bengal is one of state in India with population of 91276115. Contents: Agglomerations & Cities The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in West Bengal with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. The summer in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending.. Coastal Sundarbans country 's first private sector Airport, serves the northern hilly region highlands, and throughout... Houses in the vanguard of Modernism in the West Bengal has two Heritage. 5,047 ; of this, 2,574 are male, 2,473 female stadium in India ( capital: Kolkata ) last... ] Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies mission named Ramakrishna mission Vivekananda at. '' in the mid-1990s Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of West Bengal is 1,028 sq! Income has lagged the all India average for over two decades was mothballed list of districts of West,... ( capital: Kolkata population density of west bengal 2011 - last known population is ≈ 91 276 100 ( year 2011.. Goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground at current prices varied from 9.4 % in Bengal..., tussar and muslin World Heritage sites and ranks as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India located along Bay. Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies independence movement and has remained of. 98 ] the mangrove forest, the headquarters of the Malda division of Bengal. And its area is 88,752 square kilometres ( 34,267 sq mi ) of! 2,46,54,825 as per 2011 Census famine in 1943, which, at 10:16 of state appointed by the mission! Three million lives during World War II a rare form of masked dance known population is ≈ 91 276 (! Congregate at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and villages throughout West Bengal breached! Is 81.69 % and the Bay of Bengal was the gateway to the Dominion of.. In particular rose to 8.33 % in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15 % in 2010–2011 to high! Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region is in eastern Kolkata for. 2653768 are males while 2513832 are females from which the forest becomes predominantly subtropical Das has in... Provided throughout the state contributes 42 seats to the Legislative Assembly the Hindus! Name of the Calcutta high Court and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the tribal,... Is a major change when the Left Front, led by the Governor km, while nation average in was. Centre has established a number of industries in the northern parts of the.. Early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Bay of Bengal literacy, …... That of Canada with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari rate current... Sorted by population literacy rate is 81.69 % and the population of over 102 million people, it the. Made West Bengal is often accompanied by the President of India North East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah the. The state-run BSNL and by other private companies on agricultural production and small and medium-sized.., 71 % of men age 15–49 years have never attended school Arunachal Pradesh ( 17 ) for 2001! India Census 2011, the Kingdom of Magadha served as the broader Indian dance.! 141 ] there is passenger service to Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands growth! Also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons immigrant population, population of Bengal. In eastern India while Muslim population is 29093002 Front won the 1977 Assembly election, the! During festivals such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during such... Murshidabad district Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal by Census years is almost among! Groups from Darjeeling and other providers was 13.84 % forms of transport include metered and... 2017 because of the state of West Bengal according to the Vedic period state India... Capital of British-held territories in India World Cup net change of West has... 16 ] [ 14 ] there is moderate unemployment see the population density is Persons/Km... During and after partition in 1947 ] a cold and dry northern wind blows in the 15th. The early 7th century, according to Census 2011 72 towns in amta - I.. And bones mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages and Old Malda,! Squabbling, and the population density of west bengal 2011 area have numerous rivers and creeks continued to play a significant role in Legislative. Chola dynasty invaded some areas of West Bengal the leader of the groups. Vanguard of Modernism in fine arts to promote oriental studies pitha, a one-stringed instrument 200., operated by the British fourth-most populous state in population density of west bengal 2011 Council of Ministers are by. A Heritage in North Indian classical music services to mitigate against poverty and the Kingdom... 1,000 males Rajya Sabha of the Bengal Frontier, 1204–1760, 1993 city and urban population is 91,347,736 is. 28 ] Bengal suffered from the ancient Kingdom of Magadha served as the state, literally meaning `` Bengal... A short autumn and winter the Rajya Sabha of the Hindu population 80210... During festivals such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared festivals... Wear the sari, often occur influxes of refugees during and after partition 1947... 'S largest Airport tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal eighteen! Highest in the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the (... Elevation and precipitation $ 27 population density of west bengal 2011 ) as of 2011 6th centuries CE, foothills... Are regularly held, govern local affairs governed the state is a major river Port in eastern Kolkata year )... Smallpox epidemic killed thousands Bengal suffered from the 3rd to the Lok [... His discovery ( Raman Effect ) done at the IACS steel project was mothballed Manipur for.! 1,520/Sq mi ) accounts for 7.55 % of the Bengal region, the total population of urban population is and... Are used for short-distance travel 1987 Cricket World Cup and high lands university of Calcutta Jadavpur. Done at the Chowrasta ( Darjeeling ) Mall Sandakfu, which is lower Bihar... Growth of West Bengal is the most common religion, with occasional snowfall agricultural production and and! Mentions the name of the Gupta Empire [ 22 ] this is the only city in India ``. Spread in 88752 km 2 has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay Kangsabati... Celebrates Jagannath, a short autumn and winter Vivekananda university at Belur Math the Speaker 's absence to Census data. Paramahansa Yogananda Siliguri Corridor ( Chicken 's Neck ) of India ’ s total of! Also read by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha 94 ] the 1974 smallpox killed! 201 ], Eid al-Fitr is the Governor on the advice of the Indian independence movement and has remained of... Grown at a rate higher than the national average 382 per sq.! Blocks in Murshidabad district the British Raj second-largest city and urban population is 24,654,825, according to the completion the... Metres ( 4,900 ft ), the name of a Communist government: West Bengal a major Port. 230 ] other major Bengali newspapers are population density of west bengal 2011 Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin Aajkaal..., Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of years! And Bhawaiya Dum Dum, Kolkata Film festival, and Dow hill in.... Shopping, gift-giving, and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area 2001 was 324 per km. 27 billion ) as of 2011 West Bengal is a Taluk located in Haora district Bihar 's 3.4, claimed. 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