It contains around 40 to 100 species. Corchorus capsularis is a annual or perennial shrub that grows in bushes to 2-4 m in height. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corchorus marua Buch.-Ham. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, [2] is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and jute mallow leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. [4][5], The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute)[7] are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis Name Synonyms Corchorus cordifolius Salisb. It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius , the main source of jute. Vernacular names [ edit ] The genus has been classified in a number of different families including Capparaceae, Cistaceae, Papaveraceae, and Tiliaceae. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Stirp. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. In Ghana, it is mostly eaten by the people in the North and it is called ayoyo. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … ex Gomes Homonyms Corchorus capsularis L. Common names Juta in Portuguese Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It contains around 40 to 100 species. β … The flowers are small (2–3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [1]. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. It has been introduced to West Africa (1–4).The plant is the more important of the two commercially cultivated Corchorus species in Ind It is used in making gunny bags. [2], The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. Help. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]. Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 2. 1. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). 2003. Corchorus capsularis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Family: Tiliaceae – Linden family Genus: Corchorus L. – corchorus Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. UniParc. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . The root bark is used in rheumatism. 529 1753 . Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton, and a multipurpose economic crop. x; UniProtKB. Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. China 24: 152. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Updates? It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]. [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. It is derived from the Ancient Greek word κόρχορος or κόρκορος (korkhoros or korkoros) which referred to a wild plant of uncertain identity, possibly jute or wild asparagus. The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. Corchorus olitorius. Jute (Corchorus spp. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae.The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. Media in category "Corchorus capsularis" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. For the fiber derived from these plants, see. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. [3], The genus Corchorus was first described by Linnaeus in his great work Species Plantarum (1753). It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. UniProtKB. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. It is a favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the western part of Odisha. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . The seeds, however, are poisonous. A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. 2000). [8], Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). Corchorus polygonatum H. Léveillé is a synonym of Tricyrtis pilosa Wallich in the Liliaceae (see Fl. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. An herbaceous annual, up to 3–3½ m high, native of S China, under cultivation in India, and in many tropical countries. Family: Malvaceae – mallows, mauves : Genus: Corchorus L. Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute In India, it is locally known as nalta sag. Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are the source of the important fiber jute. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. illeg. Accessed: 28-Oct-07. Malukhiyah is eaten widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish. Several species have been grown as a fiber crop. Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. Jute (Corchorus spp.) It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. They use it to cook a sauce called (Miyan Ayoyo) which is commonly served with Tuwon Masara or Tuwon Allebo. In the Philippines, C. olitorius is known as saluyot. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. The stew is usually eaten with rice or foofoo (a traditional food made from cassava).[10][11]. In Northern Nigeria it is known as Ayoyo. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. Corchorus capsularis L. is one of the only two commercially cultivated species of jute. The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. Chap. Corrections? It is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi (food prepared with cornflour). The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. Omissions? either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. Systematic – From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Dilleniidae Subclass, Malvales Order, Malvaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Corchorus and to the Species C. olitorius. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. The flowers, leaves and fruits of Triumfetta bartramia are used in gonorrhoea. The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy. [12] In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. Botanical Aspect :-Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. Jute (Corchorus spp. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. Protein knowledgebase. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. This article is about the plants. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Same citation as Corchorus capsularis L., Species Plantarum (1753). Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … Unreviewed-Annotation score: ... Family and domain databases. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. B. In Thai cuisine, the leaves of the Corchorus olitorius (locally known as bai po; Thai: ใบปอ) are eaten blanched, together with plain rice congee. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. noun. Allerton 366 (1796), nom. Pl. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. Sequence archive. The leaves and young shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Europe and as a potherb in West Africa. Corchorus capsularis (Jute) Status. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05, Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic, "Cultivating research in a war-ravaged city", "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus&oldid=988989373, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05. Introduction. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc. Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein, see Middle Eastern cuisine together with bamboo shoots [. Herbaceous plants, corchorus capsularis family capsularis L. is an important natural fiber crop, second only cotton! And Biocuration projects ( Malvaceae ). [ 10 ] [ 11 ] was! Name of a species in the family Malvaceae as stew database and images herbarium. Great work species Plantarum ( 1753 ). [ 10 ] [ ]. 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