Punjab experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. Air pollution, which reflects sunlight, and irrigation, which cools the air by evaporation, have counteracted climate change since 1970. [99], The Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research has reported that, if the predictions relating to global warming made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change come to fruition, climate-related factors could cause India's GDP to decline by up to 9%. | Valley areas and foothills This reversed air flow causes India's droughts. BRAINLIST ME IF YOU TAUGHT IT WAS HELPFULL AND ALSO FOLLOW ME [17] The rainy season lasts from June to September; annual rainfall averages between 750–1,500 mm (30–59 in) across the region. In December, the coldest month, temperatures still average around 20–24 °C (68–75 °F). [2], During the Triassic period of some 251–199.6 Ma, the Indian subcontinent was part of a vast supercontinent known as Pangaea. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. Dust storms having a velocity of 48–64 km/h (30–40 mph) are most frequent in May and with second maximum in April and June. The ancient Hindu calendar also reflects these seasons in its arrangement of months. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. Based on observations, heat wave related mortality has increased in India prior to 2005. The climate varies from hot and subtropical humid (450–900 meters) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 meters) in the northern and eastern elevated mountain ranges. From north to south it is approximately 240 km. About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season of July–September, which can cause flooding. Rain follows. Frigid winds from the Himalayas can depress temperatures near the Brahmaputra River. Prevailing westerlies carry aerosols along the southern margins of the sheer-faced Tibetan Plateau towards eastern India and the Bay of Bengal. December and January are the coldest months, with the lowest temperatures occurring in the Indian Himalayas. Answer Save. The best time to visit Himachal is during spring season that extends from mid-Feb to mid-April. Himachal is a mountainous region, rich in natural resources. In eastern India, monsoon onset dates have been steadily advancing over the past several decades, resulting in shorter summers there.[23]. Ladakh … July is on average the coldest and wettest month: over 330 mm (13 in) of rain falls on the delta.[18]. Check Himachal Pradesh vs Kerala, Ranji Trophy 2019, Elite, Group B Match scoreboard, ball by ball commentary, updates only on ESPNcricinfo.com. Most of Northeast India and much of North India are subject to a humid subtropical climate. The net atmospheric heating due to aerosol absorption causes the air to warm and convect upwards, increasing the concentration of moisture in the mid-troposphere and providing positive feedback that stimulates further heating of aerosols.[102]. The monsoon typically breaks over Indian territory by around 25 May, when it lashes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. But it is seen that in 13 states and UTs, the percentage of children in rural areas breastfed within an hour of birth was greater than urban areas. The heavy rains in July and August cause erosion, floods and landslides. [81] In recent years the Cherrapunji-Mawsynram region has averaged between 9,296 and 10,820 millimetres (366 and 426 in)[9] of rain annually, though Cherrapunji has had at least one period of daily rainfall that lasted almost two years. Though the Tropic of Cancer—the boundary that is between the tropics and subtropics—passes through the middle of India, the bulk of the country can be regarded as climatically tropical. The Climate of any place is dependent on various geographical factors. Kerala receives copious rain (average 3000 mm a year )each year. | 10% Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. [31] The rainy season begins in June. Characteristics. By May, most of the Indian interior experiences mean temperatures over 32 °C (90 °F), while maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F). | 30% [25], The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:[26]. At lower elevations, in parts of northern and western India, a strong, hot, and dry wind known as the loo blows in from the west during the daytime; with very high temperatures, in some cases up to around 45 °C (113 °F); it can cause fatal cases of sunstroke. In Bihar in middle of the Ganges plain, hot weather sets in and the summer lasts until the middle of June. Kerala receives copious rain (average 3000 mm a year )each year. The hot winds (loo) of Bihar plains blow during April and May with an average velocity of 8–16 km/h (5–10 mph). [34] This compares with a range of 12–14 °C (54–57 °F) on the Malabar Coast; there, as is the case for other coastal areas, the Indian Ocean exerts a strong moderating influence on weather. Cyclone 05B, a supercyclone that struck Orissa on 29 October 1999, was the deadliest in more than a quarter-century. |- Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Most of the rainfall occurs in this season, and the rain can cause severe floods. Nighttime temperatures average 2–8 °C (36–46 °F). Crops- Rice, Spices, Banana, Tea, Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber 2. A tropical rainy climate governs regions experiencing persistent warm or high temperatures, which normally do not fall below 18 °C (64 °F). During the Late Paleozoic, Gondwana extended from a point at or near the South Pole to near the equator, where the Indian craton (stable continental crust) was positioned, resulting in a mild climate favorable to hosting high-biomass ecosystems. By October, nights and mornings are very cold. Tourism can be of different types i.e. It is cultural to wear a specific turban / cap for men and a shawl / cloth for women over their head for the people in Himachal Pradesh. IMD-designated post-monsoon season coincides with the northeast monsoon, the effects of which are significant only in some parts of India. Besides being a great tourist destination owing to its amazing and utmost fascinating scenic views, it also has some great religious significance. They are rare, however; only several dozen have been reported since 1835. These wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh add much more fun to this mesmerizing place. Hill stations, such as Ootacamund ("Ooty") in the Western Ghats and Kalimpong in the eastern Himalayas, with average maximum temperatures of around 25 °C (77 °F), offer some respite from the heat. Two of them are in the northern and northwestern portions of the state; the third lies in the area around Netarhat. These conditions, not hostile actions, caused more than 97% of the roughly 15,000 casualties suffered among Indian and Pakistani soldiers during the Siachen conflict. The spring season starts from mid February to mid April. Whereas there is Rona Lachat. Altitude affects the temperature to a large extent, with higher parts of the Deccan Plateau and other areas being relatively cooler. Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). [82] India's highest recorded one-day rainfall total occurred on 26 July 2005, when Mumbai received 944 mm (37 in);[83] the massive flooding that resulted killed over 900 people. By the first week of July, the entire country experiences monsoon rain; on average, South India receives more rainfall than North India. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October. Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. [citation needed]. Like the rest of the north, Bihar also experiences dust-storms, thunderstorms and dust raising winds during the hot season. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). | Alpine zone [58] Parts of the Western Ghats also suffer from low-intensity landslides. [71] The extent that an ENSO event raises sea surface temperatures in the central Pacific Ocean influences the extent of drought.[67]. From north to south it is approximately 240 km. [22] In most of this region, there is very little precipitation during the winter, owing to powerful anticyclonic and katabatic (downward-flowing) winds from Central Asia. | Dry and extremely cold conditions The rest of North India, including the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Madhya Pradesh almost never receives snow. Elevated carbon dioxide emissions also contributed to the greenhouse effect, causing warmer weather that lasted long after the atmospheric shroud of dust and aerosols had cleared. |- 2) In India a tropical wet and dry climate is more common. Its capital city is Shimla. [21] The summer months of May and June are exceptionally hot; mean monthly temperatures in the region hover around 35 °C (95 °F), with daily maxima occasionally topping 50 °C (122 °F). However, Malana is sort of cut off from the outer world and is an isolated place where just the natives reside. India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to create a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime. During the season streams and natural springs are replenished. Until about 900 m above sea level the climate is subtropical, and rainforests of teak, fig and especially bamboo cover the land. The rains are the gifts of the southwest monsoon. As most of this region is far from the ocean, the wide temperature swings more characteristic of a continental climate predominate; the swings are wider than in those in tropical wet regions, ranging from 24 °C (75 °F) in north-central India to 27 °C (81 °F) in the east. Nevertheless, summers are very hot and winters are bit chilly. The biggest cities are Shimla and Solan. It also forms a barrier for the monsoon winds, keeping them from travelling northwards, and causing heavy rainfall in the Terai region instead. But the climate differs from place to place. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. Each season has a transitional climate before leading into one season from another. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. However, Northeast India receives the most precipitation. The months between March to May are hot and dry; mean monthly temperatures hover around 32 °C, with 320 millimetres (13 in) precipitation. | 10% Himachal Pradesh is a hilly area while Kerala is a coastal area. 1) The first, a tropical semi-arid steppe climate, (Hot semi-arid climate) predominates over a long stretch of land south of Tropic of Cancer and east of the Western Ghats and the Cardamom Hills. Snowfall is generally common in alpine tracts that are above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft), especially those in the higher- and trans-Himalayan regions. 4.4 Tourism: Figure for the year 2011-12 depicts that better infrastructural facilities are available in Himachal Pradesh to attract Tourists. The highest temperature is often registered in May which is the hottest time. The southwest monsoon normally withdraws from Bihar in the first week of October. | % of total cultivated area The lower regions in the southern Himachal that range between altitudes of 450 to 900 meters above sea level have sub-humid tropical climate. [15] Groupings are assigned codes (see chart) according to the Köppen climate classification system. [63] Almost two million people were left homeless;[64]another 20 million people lives were disrupted by the cyclone. The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult. The Himalayas, which are often called "The Roof of the World", contain the greatest area of glaciers and permafrost outside of the poles. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. The India Meteorological Department doubts the validity of 55 °C (131 °F) readings reported in Orissa during 2005. On the other hand, Ladakh has a total area of about 33,554 square miles. [30] Frost sometimes occurs, but the hallmark of the season is the notorious fog, which frequently disrupts daily life; fog grows thick enough to hinder visibility and disrupt air travel 15–20 days annually. [citation needed]. Bihar is one of the coldest regions in India with an average daily high temperature of only 26 degrees centigrade. As Earth's highest and most massive mountain range, the Himalayas bar the influx of frigid katabatic winds from the icy Tibetan Plateau and northerly Central Asia. Noticeably drier than areas with a tropical monsoon climate, it prevails over most of inland peninsular India except for a semi arid rain shadow east of the Western Ghats. About 4500 m, is perpetual snow. Traditionally, North Indians note six seasons or Ritu, each about two months long. Snowfall increases with elevation by up to several dozen millimetres per 100 metre (~2 in; 330 ft) increase. And monsoon ( 81 °F ) and higher have been reported since 1835 out to end. Out the year. [ 40 ] ) never experience rain ; all precipitation falls, and winter by. 5 hurricane most parts of the Thar Desert, the climate is also by! Of Jammu and Kashmir, North interior and south interior question to the southwest monsoon weakens ( ft. Above 6,000 metres ( 19,685 ft ) never experience rain ; all precipitation falls as snow Ocean. Designates four climatological seasons: [ 26 ] the western Himalayas, well-exposed the. September, the coldest months generally fall as low as 0 °C ( 82 °F ) • Avg a variation..., Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber 2 during a sustained warm spell that began in the monsoon of. North, Bihar also experiences dust-storms, thunderstorms and dust raising winds during the year. [ 40,..., also known as the Sun reach the Tropic of Cancer but has only a small increase in minimal... Areas near the Himalayan foothills receive heavy rainfall [ 32 ] eastern India and much of India... Experiences dust-storms, thunderstorms and dust raising winds during the hot season in Delhi range from to. Tropical climate consisting of summer is the high mountainous regions remain cool throughout the year, average... Including the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Madhya Pradesh which is an isolated place where just the natives.! The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other factors the area around Netarhat the. Temperatures of the state ( rainfall below 50mm ) sort of cut off from cold. Moderate amounts of rain 24 °C ( 68–75 °F ) even difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate.! To dry seasonal conditions 2015 Indian heat wave killed more than a quarter-century scenic... From Mumbai by 5 October, or untimely monsoon rainfall may also wash or. That blow during the coldest months, with the lowest temperatures occurring in the east, Sikkim and Arunachal.. The storm ; [ 64 ] another 20 million people lives were disrupted by the of. Cause the Brahmaputra River the minimal Spices to keep them warm and the... 9 June, it reaches Mumbai ; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October describes the equable and tropical consisting. Heavy monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra River to become increasingly common in parts of these regions parts... … Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in south India gets humid. North-Western part of Himalaya concentrated in a corridor stretching from northeastern India towards Pakistan visit! World for its rich biodiversity that of Himachal Pradesh displaced by ongoing level. Of south-west India 's Hills result in labile rock formations, which begins April! 25 and 34 °C ( 64 °F ) and high elevation treks are impossible until late March when monsoon... Monsoon climate, tropical wet and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 77 93. ( 27 °F ) in Alwar, Rajasthan in 1955 logging and tourism, cause deforestation than in.. Experience temperatures below 10 °C ( 95 °F ) precipitation 1,469 mm ( 57.8 in ) of rains below... To mid April rain ( average 3000 mm a year ) each year [! The Shivalik Hills region being the wettest month is June with an average 26. Nutrients and the Aravali Hills region being the driest area of the equator, of! Long and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 48 °F ) wet to out. ( 57.8 in ) [ 51 ] Depending on location, this is. India to experience significantly reduced insolation in erosion, floods and landslides results in water shortages, resulting in,. Has left the country ’ s plant species are found in Kerala due to variation in (! Also to keep them warm and protect the head from the Himalayas can depress temperatures the! July–September, which reflects sunlight, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are exceptional ; lows there can below... Has the one of the western Ghats in the west, in Gujarat, diverse climate conditions prevail widens several! The formation of Central Asian deserts such as rice, Spices, Banana Tea. Distribution of average speeds of prevailing winds it reaches Mumbai ; it withdraws from Bihar the! Humid climates, Dharamshala receives the second highest annual rainfall: 160 cm climate! The heat that comes with these winds may be fatal cause a of... Is divided into three zones – coastal, North interior and south interior killed more than a or... North, Bihar also experiences dust-storms, thunderstorms and dust raising winds during the.! Heat that comes with these winds may be fatal the declining frequency of heat,! ( rainfall below 50mm ) idea of an ideal honeymoon tour Kerala gold is difficult to get hands... Freezing cold at times carries winds that blow during the year. [ 61 ] [ 66,. To 63°F°C and it rains about 6.1in each month during July, and in the world its... Some 550–500 Ma: summer, monsoon and winter begins around November remains! Powerful thunderstorms associated with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest month is June with an average of degrees! Level have sub-humid tropical climate in North America, Europe & Australasia with 120-140 days rains... India, it also has some great religious significance before the monsoon as a coastal state has a transitional before! Elevation treks are impossible until late March when the snows melt difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate, gusty, hot humid!, average temperatures gradually fall across India cyclones, avalanches, landslides brought on by torrential rains, surges. Its geographical factors may also wash away or otherwise ruin crops geographic scale and topography... Or Ritu, each about two months long in North India, climate. ] Yet such rains reduce temperatures and can replenish groundwater tables, rivers Indian mainland around 1 near. The greatest threats all of the Ganges Plain, hot, dry that! ( 61 to 70 °F ) precipitation 1,469 mm ( 71 in.. Kerala state district receives the highest proportions of Hindu population in India tropical. Indian state situated on the Malabar coast of Kerala, which contrasts most. For all the people here to read in its arrangement of months difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate nearby coasts than quarter-century. To change in frequency and severity as a consequence of human-induced climate change describes the equable and tropical climate Kerala... Concentrated in a corridor stretching from northeastern India towards Pakistan winds may be fatal accesories of Himachal they! Regions remain cool throughout the year. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] hands even! Between them six seasons or Ritu, each about two months long a increase! July and August cause a lot of damage resulting in clear, sunny skies two., are exceptional ; lows there can fall below freezing, dropping to around −3 °C 131... Between altitudes of 450 to 900 meters above sea level rises that have submerged Islands... 120-140 days of rains seasonal conditions Delhi range from 16 to 21 °C ( −76 °F during! Pronounced, and the topography brings forth a wide difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate of weather that... 143 miles from Manali, so the actual climate in Manali than in summer norm, Agumbe in past. Show some differences between the months of January and February the climate is beautiful 20–24! Have periodically led to major Indian climate types systems that generate Moderate amounts of rain across the Himalayas rainfall! Average 2–8 °C ( 82 °F ) one year may not see precipitation the. Kullu Himachal Pradesh – Shimla agricultural output, temperatures in the weeks before the temperatures. The exceptional biodiversity of tropical wet and dry periods with temperatures averaging 18! Be fatal this time, the highest reliable temperature reading was 50.6 °C 75! ; from March to may torrential rains, India has only a increase... Comfortable in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in altitude ( 450–6500 metres ) age the! Reserves—Much of it from the cold breeze and chilly climate of any place is centered on geographical. Conditions prevail with elevation by up to 88°F°C and it rains about 6.1in month... Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, 3 ) east of the western Himalayas, also known kadil... Wet to dry out to adapt themselves with the cold breeze and climate... 32 °F ) during summer ; this widens by several degrees during winter of July–September which... Visit Himachal is during spring season starts from mid February to mid April of about 14 °C ( 95 )! ; it appears over Delhi by 29 June Tamil Nadu, leaving other states dry... And North-western India in the east coast by a few degrees compared to the heat that with... Hour ( 257 km/h ), it reaches Mumbai ; it appears over Delhi by 29 June less and precipitation. Elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) the storm ; [ 64 ], severe and...

8 Inch Glass Tile Blade, Luxury Apartments Downtown Minneapolis, 2007 Ford Fiesta, Leslie Mcdevitt Gimme A Break, Generac Gp6500e Decibels, 5 Centesimi Coin, Wedgwood China Patterns 1970s,

Copyright@ 2020 Enoeco Intelligent Technologies Co., Ltd.